Quick Answer: What Is Black Soil?

What is black soil Class 10?

Black soils are made up of extremely fine ; clayey material.

They are well-known for their capacity to hold moisture.

They are rich in soil nutrients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash and lime.

They develop deep cracks during hot weather, which helps in the proper aeration of the soil..

Is another name of black soil?

black soils known locally as regur. After those the alluvial soil is the third most-common type.

How fertile is black soil?

chernozyom, IPA: [tɕɪrnɐˈzʲɵm]; “black soil”) is a black-colored soil containing a high percentage of humus (4% to 16%) and high percentages of phosphoric acids, phosphorus, and ammonia. Chernozem is very fertile and can produce high agricultural yields with its high moisture storage capacity.

What is black soil good for?

Black soil is ideally suited for growing cotton, sugar cane, tobacco, wheat, millets, and oilseed crops. Black soil is to be the best soil type for cotton cultivation. It is also suitable for the production of cereals, oilseeds, citrus fruits and vegetables, tobacco and sugar cane, in addition to cotton.

What is found in black soil?

Black soil in India is rich in metals such as Iron, Magnesium and Aluminum. However it is deficient in Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorous and Humus. Black soil is of red colour mainly due to its iron oxide content. … The soils are fine grained contain high proportion of Calcium and Magnesium carbonates.

Is black soil good for gardening?

Naturally well conditioned Black Soil for gardening purpose and preparing growing medium for all plants. Excellent for preparation of growing medium for pots, nursery bags and planting all kinds of garden plants, vegetable plants and fruit plants.

Is black soil fertile?

Black soils of smectite nature are considered more fertile than any other soils , simply because of the finer texture. Nutrient- as well as water- use- efficiency are much higher.

Why is black soil black?

Black soil is the fertile soil present in India. It is abundantly found in Haryana, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. The black colour of the soil is due to the presence of iron, aluminium and humus. This type of soil is most suitable for the cultivation of grains, vegetables and cotton.

What Cannot be grown on black soil?

Black soil is rich in calcium, potassium, and magnesium but poor nitrogen content. Sandy soil is low in nutrient content but helps grow trees such as coconut, cashew, and casuarinas in areas with high rainfall.

Why is black soil agriculturally important?

here is why black soil is agriculturally important: ✯ black or regur soil has got good water retention capacity which makes is super fertile and best for growing crops which require good amount of water to grow. … ✯ cotton is the main crop which is mostly grown in this soil because good amount of profits can be made.

Where is the black soil?

Black soils are derivatives of trap lava and are spread mostly across interior Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh on the Deccan lava plateau and the Malwa Plateau, where there is both moderate rainfall and underlying basaltic rock.

What is Colour of black soil?

Soil colourSoil colourSoil types and characteristicsBlackVertosols (cracking clay soils)White/pale/bleachedThese soils are often referred to as bleached or ‘washed out’. The iron and manganese particles have been leached out due to high amounts of rainfall or drainage.5 more rows•Sep 24, 2013

What are the three features of black soil?

What are the characteristics of black soil?Clayey texture and are highly fertile.Rich in calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash, and lime but poor in nitrogen and phosphorous.Highly retentive of moisture, extremely compact and tenacious when wet.Contractible and develops deep wide cracks on drying.More items…

What is the best soil for gardening?

sandy loamThere are three main types of soil: sand, silt, and clay. The best soil for most plants to ensure optimum growth is a rich, sandy loam. This soil is an even mixture of all three main types of soil. In most cases, you’ll need to amend the soil with compost.

Which soil nutrient is lacking in black soil?

Chemically, the black soils are rich in lime, iron, magnesia and alumina. They also contain potash. But they lack in phosphorous, nitrogen and organic matter. The colour of the soil ranges from deep black to grey.